Sir Peter Buckton

Sir Peter (Piers) Buckton c1350 – 1414 Christened in 1366, came from Buckton, a small township near Flamborough, Yorkshire.

His father was Lord of the Manor and the family had owned land and property there since 1290. It is reported that they gave generously to the Priory at nearby Bridlington, and other religious houses.

Peter Buckton was a Plantagenet, and fought in the Caroline War alongside John Of Gaunt. The Caroline War was a part of the Hundred Years War between the Royal Houses of England and France. The Caroline War took place between 1369 and 1389.

Peter Buckton was knighted for gallantry by Richard II in 1383

He was a lifelong friend of Henry Bolingbroke, (son of John of Gaunt) who later became King Henry IV of England, and King of France. As his standard bearer he was paid £100 per annum, and was a most senior knight. He accompanied Henry on crusades to Lithuania and the Holy Land, having also helped with their organisation. 1390 – 1392

He was also a friend of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer, who wrote a poem entitled Lenvoy de Chaucer a Bukton, warning him against marriage. c1396

In 1395 he became the MP for Yorkshire, and in the same year was made Escheator for Yorkshire.

In 1399 he assisted Henry Bolingbroke to land at Ravenspur, on the Yorkshire coast. Now long gone due to Coastal Erosion, it was near Kilnsea and Spurn Head. Henry had been exiled by his cousin Richard II and his lands confiscated. Henry returned to the country and began a military campaign. He quickly gained power and enough support to declare himself King.

With his friend as King, Sir Peter was made Constable of Knaresborough Castle, and Justice of the Peace for the East Riding of Yorkshire. In 1404 he became HIgh Sheriff of Yorkshire.

In 1411 he travelled to Castile, where he was Ambassador to John II of Castile. The following year he was made the Mayor of Bordeaux in the Duchy of Aquitaine. A very prominent position.

His will, made in 1413 requested that he be buried in the Choir in the Church at Swine, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, near Benninghome, where he owned a Manor. He died on 4th March 1414.

Sir Peter married Cecilia (family name unknown) and had three sons, Peter, Ralph and WIlliam.

Bucton Coat of Arms

Bucton Coat of Arms

Buckton coat of arms: Quarterly 1 and 4, argent on a bend sable 3 martlets or; 2 and 3, gules, a pile argent. This should be I and IV silver on a bend sable three martlets gold; II and III gules a pile silver.

LENVOY DE CHAUCER A BUKTON

My maister Bukton, whan of Crist our kyng
Was axed what is trouthe or sothfastnesse,
He nat a word answerde to that axing,
As who saith, “No man is al trewe,” I gesse.
And therfore, though I highte to expresse
The sorwe and wo that is in mariage,
I dar not writen of it no wikkednesse,
Lest I myself falle eft in swich dotage.
I wol nat seyn how that yt is the cheyne
Of Sathanas, on which he gnaweth evere,
But I dar seyn, were he out of his peyne
As by his wille he wolde be bounde nevere.
But thilke doted fool that eft hath levere
Ycheyned be than out of prison crepe,
God lete him never fro his wo dissevere,
Ne no man him bewayle, though he wepe.
But yet, lest thow do worse, take a wyf;
Bet ys to wedde than brenne in worse wise.
But thow shal have sorwe on thy flessh, thy lyf,
And ben thy wives thral, as seyn these wise;
And yf that hooly writ may nat suffyse,
Experience shal the teche, so may happe,
That the were lever to be take in Frise
Than eft to falle of weddynge in the trappe.
This lytel writ, proverbes, or figure
I sende yow; take kepe of yt, I rede;
Unwys is he that kan no wele endure.
If thow be siker, put the nat in drede.
The Wyf of Bathe I pray yow that ye rede
Of this matere that we have on honde.
God graunte yow your lyf frely to lede
In fredam, for ful hard is to be bonde.

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